Earn one of several psychology degrees available online or on campus at 十大菠菜导航网址, 并且精通主要的心理学概念, human behavior and 研究 methods through case studies and experiential learning. 你也会 培养批判性思维和沟通技巧 对于许多形式的有效沟通非常重要.
心理学: With our unique programs - from child and adolescent development to forensic psychology - you'll be prepared for a wide variety of careers in case 管理, 研究, 人力资源, 青年服务和社会服务.
咨询: You'll develop the skills necessary to handle the emotional and mental needs of clients. With your guidance and compassion, you'll help lead others on the path to wellness.
十大菠菜导航网址提供 负担得起、灵活的在线学位课程 that allow you to go to school on your schedule and graduate from an accredited, 私人, nonprofit university with a vested interest in your success. 或者，如果你选择的话 参加校园, you'll enjoy small class sizes and easy access to expert faculty and dedicated advisors as well as a number of practical learning experiences as an intern or volunteer.
What are the different counseling degrees, and what degree is best for counseling?
Depending on where you’d like to take your career and skills, there are several degree programs and concentrations you could explore at 十大菠菜导航网址, 本科和硕士阶段.
如果你想获得本科学位, you can earn a BA in 心理学 with a choice of several focuses: 上瘾, 应用心理学, 孩子 & 青少年发展, 法医心理学, 心理健康, or 社会心理学.
如果你想获得更高的学位, 十大菠菜导航网址提供 both an MA in Clinical 心理健康 咨询 and an MS in 心理学 (concentrations in 孩子 & 发展心理学, 法医心理学 and 工业- 组织心理学).
Although students aren't required to have a psychology or 社会学学位 获得咨询专业的研究生学位, many instructors agree that it's beneficial to get a good foundation in these subjects if you plan to become a licensed mental health 辅导员.
After obtaining your bachelor’s degree, there are state licensure requirements to consider. 攻读硕士学位对你有帮助. 在大多数州获得执照, prospective mental health 辅导员s must complete 60 credit hours of graduate-level coursework in counseling, in addition to significant amounts of supervised fieldwork. National accreditation bodies determine the core content that students must master. 十大菠菜导航网址’s curriculum was built with national accreditation and state statutes in mind, 拥有18门课程，符合国家和州标准, 再加上两门可以作为选修课的课程, 这取决于你住在哪里.
Additionally, 十大菠菜导航网址's online mental health 辅导员 education program incorporates two 现场派驻 designed to prepare students to work with clients in a real-world setting, where they learn communication and active listening skills, 如何识别非语言线索, 和磨练理解.
“Our residencies are the period when we work with students to develop their 软技能 的咨询. These are the things a 辅导员 does to invite a client's story by creating a space of safety in the counseling room,” Dr. Stacee Reicherzer, clinical faculty member in 十大菠菜导航网址's master's in clinical mental health counseling program.
The amount of time it takes to earn your online degree in psychology and counseling depends on a few things, 包括你的教育背景和目标. 十大菠菜导航网址's 硕士 in 咨询 program is 60 credits and typically takes 3-4 years to earn, 还有十大最具竞争力平台的36学分(12门课程, 3 credits each) Master of 科学 (MS) in 心理学 can generally be completed in 2 years or less thanks to our 5 graduate terms per year.
For those looking to build a foundation with an undergraduate degree, our online Bachelor of 艺术s (BA) in 心理学 is comprised of 6 (8-week) terms annually. Most students complete their coursework in about 4 years, but you have the flexibility to get 按你自己的节奏获得学位.
What's the difference between a 治疗师 and a 辅导员?
Although often used interchangeably, “辅导员” and “治疗师” are not exactly the same. A 辅导员 将与客户接触的时间集中在具体问题上, 比如上瘾或压力管理, helping with problem-solving skills or learning specific techniques. 咨询通常也比治疗更短期. A 治疗师 通常比心理咨询更能提供长期护理, 比如精神病学和心理疗法, focusing on a broader range of issues and addressing patterns of thinking and behavior which affect the way that client interacts with the world.1
“Most people assume that they are going to go to a 辅导员, and the 辅导员 is going to provide advice and ‘fix’ the issue,” Dr. 瓦莱丽Balog她是首尔大学心理咨询硕士项目的临床教员. “咨询 is hard work for both the 辅导员 and the client, but the client really has to be invested in doing the work to make change happen.”
Several 十大菠菜导航网址 faculty members urge those going into counseling programs to do the work to ensure their own mental health and stability first. This is not a career to enter into with the hope of “fixing yourself” or your family and friends, 他们警告说. And it helps if you understand “the other side of the desk,” by experiencing counseling for yourself.
“Students need to have sat in a 辅导员’s office and be on the receiving end 的咨询 in order to fully appreciate what they are asking their clients to do in terms of the hard work of self-reflection and growth,” Dr. Nicholaus Erber-LaPierre， 十大菠菜导航网址心理健康咨询临床教员.
- Rehabilitation Counselor: Median annual salary: $34,390
- National Certified Addiction Counselor: Median annual salary: $39,980
- Professional Counselor/ Clinical 心理健康 Counselor: Median annual salary: $46,050
- 学校辅导员/ Career Counselor: Median annual salary: $53,660
- Marriage and Family Therapist: Median annual salary: $48,600
Those who wish to practice as psychologists or work in academic 研究 must pursue additional education beyond a bachelor's degree, 通常Ph值.D. 然而, a psychology undergraduate program's focus on effective communication, information literacy and understanding human behavior can lend itself to many areas outside psychology – sales, 营销和更多.
There are many professional options specific to the degree, as well as positions where your education and counseling skills can be applied in a different industry.
- 心理学家: A psychologist studies mental processes and human behavior by observing, 解释, and recording how people relate to one another and the environment. The median annual wage for psychologists was $80,370 in May 2019.2
- 社会工作者: Becoming a licensed social worker generally requires a master's degree in social work, 同时满足州执照要求. The field does lend itself to many of the skills you develop studying psychology. 社会工作者与客户打交道, 有时他们的家人, to connect them with a variety of services and treatment options they need for whatever problems they are facing. In 2018, 社会工作者的平均工资约为50美元,000, 到2028年，该职业预计将增长11%.2 不同的社会工作包括:
- 学校辅导员:与社会工作者类似, school counseling is another field that lends itself to those with a psychology background but also almost always requires a master's degree in school counseling and licensure, 平均工资为49美元,000.3
- 市场研究分析师: Companies use market 研究 analysts to understand their consumers, learning what the public wants and how they’re best marketed to, 通过调查, 调查问卷, 研究和分析. 分析师赚了63美元,790 in 2019, and this career is expected to see a 20% increase in jobs through 2028.2
- 培训发展专员: Being able to train employees effectively is a necessity for any corporation, 以你的心理学背景, you can be an essential part of a company’s functioning. These specialists earned a median salary of $61,210 in 2019.2
- 人力资源: 作为人力资源多面手, you would help HR managers evaluate and administer a company’s policies that relate to employees, 包括培训, 工资和福利, 和更多的. 人力资源通才的平均工资为53美元,每年000, 人力资源主管的平均工资为66美元,而人力资源主管的平均工资为87美元,每年000.3
- 感化、假释或惩教治疗主任: 很多次, 当某人从监狱或监狱释放出来时, they are still under court-ordered conditions regarding their behavior. Probation officers work with people who have been placed on probation rather than being sent to prison; parole officers work with people who have been released from prison; and correctional treatment officers, 或专家, help probationers and parolees build and stick to rehabilitation plans. Probation and correctional treatment officers made a median salary of $54,290, 到2028年，该领域预计将增长3%.2
- 仲裁员、调解员调解人: 仲裁员通常是(但不总是)律师. They can also be business professionals with expertise in a specific area. 他们的行为, 要么独自一人，要么在一组仲裁员中, 作出通常具有法律约束力的决定. Mediators' decisions are not binding; they help two sides communicate and guide them to a mutually satisfactory settlement. 调解员与调解员非常相似, but usually meet with each side of a dispute separately rather than at a formal meeting or hearing. 这些职位的平均工资为63美元,930 in 2019, 预计到2028年，这一职业将增长8%.2
- 管理分析师、顾问: Management analysts advise a business or organization’s leaders on ways to improve efficiency, 降低成本，增加收入. They interview employees and managers and observe business practices. 管理分析师的工资中位数为85美元,260 in 2019, 到2028年，该领域预计将增长14%.2
- 非营利机构项目经理: 我是一家非盈利机构的项目经理, you would handle projects that an organization has embarked on to further its mission. 这个职位的平均年薪是5万美元.3
With its broad applications and the high level of personal satisfaction derived from helping others, a degree in psychology or counseling can be a great choice of major. Knowledge and understanding of human behavior can be beneficial in almost any job.
Your undergraduate degree in psychology can enable you to begin helping others in a rewarding career – whether you're passionate about helping those struggling with addictions, 与儿童和青少年一起工作, assisting the criminal justice system with forensic psychology, 或者其他引人注目的途径. If you choose to continue onto an advanced degree, your options can expanded even further.
“One of the best things about a graduate degree in psychology is that it’s so wide-ranging in its career applications,” Dr. 芭芭拉Lesniak， 十大菠菜导航网址副院长. “例如, 在企业界有很多选择, 比如培训和发展, 管理, 销售和营销. Virtually any job in which you deal with people and need to know how to relate to them and what influences their behavior will benefit from a graduate degree in psychology.”
来源 & 引用(1、2、3)
1 中央社报道,http://www.中央社报道.com/mental-health/guide-to-psychiatry-and-counseling # 2
2 美国劳工统计局.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, on the internet, at:
- http://www.美国劳工统计局.gov/ooh/community-and-social-service/rehabilitation-辅导员s.htm # tab-5
- http://www.美国劳工统计局.gov /哦/ # tab-5 % 20
- http://www.美国劳工统计局.gov /标准/ 2016 /可能/ oes211014.htm
- http://www.美国劳工统计局.gov/ooh/community-and-social-service/school-and-career-辅导员s.htm # tab-5 % 20
- http://www.美国劳工统计局.gov /标准/经常/ oes211013.htm
- http://www.美国劳工统计局.gov /哦/ life-physical-and-social-science /心理学家.htm # tab-5 % 20
- http://www.美国劳工统计局.gov /哦/ life-physical-and-social-science /心理学家.htm
- http://www.美国劳工统计局.gov /哦/ community-and-social-service /社会工作者.htm
- http://www.美国劳工统计局.gov/ooh/community-and-social-service/probation-officers-and-correctional-treatment-specialists.htm # tab-2
- http://www.美国劳工统计局.gov /哦/法律/ arbitrators-mediators-and-conciliators.htm
- http://www.美国劳工统计局.gov /哦/商业和金融/管理分析员.htm # tab-1
- http://www.payscale.com/研究/US/Job = School_Counselor/Salary
Cited projections may not reflect local and/or short-term economic or job conditions and do not guarantee actual job growth.